Jurnal

KEPATUHAN PERAWAT MELAKSANAKAN STANDAR PROSEDUR OPERASIONAL PENCEGAHAN PASIEN JATUH BERDASARKAN FAKTOR DEMOGRAFI DAN MOTIVASI

Ni Panjawi Lacshita Jati 1

1Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga, 1

 

ABSTRACT

Implementation of patient safety such as reducing the patient fall risk, needs various Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and guidelines. However, based on former research there were nurses did not implement the SOP of early assessment by 60% and 100% of reassessment in 2016 at Hospital X Surabaya. The objectives of the study were to analyze the compliance of the implementation of the SOP of Prevention Patient Falls include SOP of Assessment and Reassessment Patient Falls Risk and SOP of Sticking Stickers to Patient Falls Risk in Hospital X Surabaya based on motivation factor. The research type was analytic (observasional approach) used cross sectional design. The sample of research was 47 nurses. The dependent variable of research was the compliance of nurses in implementing of the SOP of Prevention Patient Falls. The independent variable of research were the motivation factor. Data were analyzed using Crosstab. Results of the research is said that the higher the motivation, the higher the compliance of nurses in implementing of the SPO of Prevention Patients Fall. Then, there was relationship between the compliance of implementation of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) of Patient Fall Prevention with motivation. The suggested for hospital to socialization, increase nurses motivation, give appreciation, give exercise and commitment of implementation of the SOP of Prevention Patient Falls.

Keywords: Motivation factor, Compliance of nurses, The SOP of Patient Falls Prevention

 

ABSTRAK

Penyelenggaraan keselamatan pasien seperti mengurangi pasien risiko jatuh memerlukan berbagai Standar Prosedur Operasional (SPO) dan panduan pelaksanaannya. Namun, berdasarkan penelitian sebelumnya terdapat perawat yang tidak melaksanakan SPO assesmen awal sebesar 60% dan 100% assemen ulang pada tahun 2016 di Rumah Sakit X Surabaya. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis kepatuhan perawat melaksanakan SPO Pencegahan Pasien Jatuh yang terdiri dari SPO Assessmen dan Assesmen Ulang Pasien Resiko Jatuh dan SPO Pemasangan Stiker Pasien Resiko Jatuh di Rumah Sakit X Surabaya berdasarkan faktor motivasi. Jenis penelitian adalah analitik dengan pendekatan observasional dan  menggunakan rancang bangun cross sectional. Kuesioner disebarkan kepada 47 perawat. Variabel dependen penelitian adalah kepatuhan perawat dalam melaksanakan SPO Pencegahan Pasien Jatuh. Variabel independen penelitian adalah faktor motivasi. Data dianalisis menggunakan tabulasi silang. Analisis menunjukkan semakin tinggi motivasi perawat, maka semakin tinggi pula kepatuhan perawat dalam melaksanakan SPO Pencegahan Pasien Jatuh. Selain itu, terdapat hubungan signifikan antara kepatuhan dengan faktor motivasi. Disarankan bagi pihak rumah sakit untuk mengadakan sosialisasi, meningktakan motivasi perawat, memberikan apresiasi, pelatihan dan komitmen dalam pelaksanaan SPO Pencegahan Pasien Jatuh.

Kata Kunci: Faktor motivasi, kepatuhan perawat, SPO Pencegahan Pasien Jatuh



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